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There is also a Confucius Temple in Qufu, Shandong Province, which has been listed on the World Heritage List Shandong Qufu for more than a thousand years. It was once the capital of Lu State more than 2,000 years ago, or the hometown of Confucius. Although the city is small, it has a profound culture and far-reaching influence. In the urban area, there are three-hole scenic spots represented by Confucius Temple, Confucius and Konglin, which are included in the world cultural heritage. However, there is not only one Confucius Temple in Qufu. There is a Nishan Mountain 25 kilometers from the urban area to the southeast. This is the birthplace of Confucius. There is also a Confucius Temple in Nishan. There are not many people who know it. The Nishan sacred scenic spot is built on the cultural connotation of the birthplace of Confucius and promotes traditional culture. The Nishan Confucius Temple and Nishan Academy are part of the scenic spot. Nishan Confucius Temple is a temple dedicated to Confucius's father, Shu Liang, who was rebuilt in the Song and Jin Dynasties and changed to worship Confucius. It has a history of nearly a thousand years and is the second Confucius Temple in Qufu. At the entrance to the Confucius Temple in Nishan, there is a pavilion called Guanchuan Pavilion. There is a record in the Analects of Confucius, and the son is in Sichuan: "The deceased is like a husband, and he stays up late." When Confucius watched Sichuan here, he felt that time flies. Nishan Confucius Temple has undergone renovation and expansion of the dynasties, and it has the scale of today. The existing Nishan Confucius Temple and Nishan Academy are buildings of the Qing Dynasty. They are now state-level key cultural protection units. They are also included in the World Cultural Heritage Reserve List as an extension project of the Three Holes. Confucius's father, Shu Liang, was the doctor of Lu Guozhen at that time. His land was in the Nishan area and he lived in Luyuan Village, Nishan, today. Confucius was born in Nishan and lived in Nishan in his childhood. Later, after his father died, he moved to the Confucius Temple in Qufu City with his mother. Nishan Confucius Temple is divided into three roads, five courtyards, and there are more than 80 halls. The Dacheng Hall is the main building of the Confucius Temple. There are five. There is a lecture hall, a wall, and a land in the east road. There is a temple in the west, and the father of the Confucius is Liang Shu. After the Confucius Temple, it is the Nishan Academy, which is the place where the ancient school lectured, which is equivalent to the current school. The entire building covers an area of about 1.6 hectares and has 27 large and small buildings such as temples, churches, plaques and pavilions. There is also a Confucius Cave under the Confucius Temple in Nishan. It is a naturally formed cave. It is said that this is the place where Confucius was born. After Confucius's mother Yan Zheng, after praying for Nishan, she went to work when she came home, and produced Confucius in the cave. Nishan is the Taishan Beidou of Chinese traditional culture and scholarship. It has been highly valued in the past dynasties. In the Song Dynasty, Feng Nishan was a sacred priest, and it was built in the same way. To experience the charm of traditional culture in Nishan, Qufu is a charming little town.
Knight Rider   
Nishan Academy, also known as Nishan Birthday School, is a temple dedicated to Confucius. Nishan Academy and Shu Academy, Shimen Academy, Chunqiu Academy are also known as Qufu Four College. There are two stone monuments on the outside of the door. One is the Ming Dynasty, and the four characters of the "Nishan Academy" are engraved on the door. One is the monument of the "Secretary of the Confucius of the Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty". The first gate of the Nishan Academy is called Xingxingmen. It was built in the high-standard form during the 27th year of Qing Daoguang (1847). There was a king under the original spirit, and now it is gone. There is a stone tablet and a tablet pavilion on the west side of the door. The stone tablet records the process of Hong Kong businessman Guo Yuxiang donating money to repair the temple in 1924. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in a special period. Some of the handwritings that are still preserved are still vigorous and very beautiful. The second door is called Dachengmen. There are three main halls and three hatchbacks in the door. There are more than ten stone monuments in the Yuan, Ming, Qing and the Republic of China during and outside the temple. It is an important material for understanding the history of the birthplace of Confucius and its architectural complex. Emperor Kangxi wrote the book "The Master of the Emperor of the Thousands of Heaven, the Table of the World's People" for the Confucius Temple. In the Confucius Temple of Nishan, there is a statue of Confucius wearing a crown of twelve beads. This is the number that the emperor can wear. Because he is a "king of the king", there is no land, no people, as long as human history and culture exist, the power of his throne It will always exist. The Guanchuan Pavilion at the east side of the Nishan Academy is located in the Yuan Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty. It is a memorial to the pavilion in 1336. The pavilion is a wooden frame structure with no arches and single ash tiles. Rest on the top of the mountain. Standing on the telescope platform in front of the Guanchuan Pavilion, you can see the Yanmu Mountain named after the Confucius mother Yan Zheng. The river flowing at the foot of the Yanmu Mountain is the Weihe River. Looking south is the Nishan Reservoir. Also known as Confucius Lake. According to legend, Confucius is here to see Zhiyuan River, Fuzi River, Zhangma River, Yanmu River, Tianhuang River, Wuchuan Confluence, and Linchuan sigh, "The Analects of Confucius": "Zi Shangchuan: The Deceased Husband, staying up late." The legendary Confucius was born or caved by a tiger--the Fuzi Cave. There is a stone monument in front of the cave, which is under the cliff on the east side of Guanchuan Pavilion. It is also called "Kun Ling Cave". It is a natural stone room with natural stone beds in the cave. "The stone pillows in the middle stone bed are all natural, and they are not movable."
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